Hill Forts of Rajasthan


Hill Forts of Rajasthan – An Overview


In 2013, the Hill Forts of Rajasthan, a total of six in number, were granted UNESCO World Heritage Sites status. These include Fort Jaisalmer, Fort Amber, Fort Chittorgarh, Fort Kumbhalgarh, Fort Ranthambore, and Fort Gagron. Located in Aravalli Range's undulating terrain, the forts are impressive for their tactical location, architectural brilliance, historical and cultural significance. Built between the 5th and 17th-18th centuries AD, the forts belong to different states of Rajput Princely. Each fort represents the fortified seat of power of the ancient royal dynasties.

Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort standing guard over Jaisalmer's Golden City and the Thar Desert is one of the world's largest hill forts. Built in 1156 AD by Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal, the golden-sandstone fort is settled on top of the Trikuta hill. It is one of Rajasthan's oldest forts, which still retains its impressive beauty.

Amber Fort

Amer's pride, Amber Fort is nestled atop Aravallis near Jaipur. The fort of the 16th century was built by Raja Man Singh. Overlooking the Maota Lake, the fort is a mixture of Rajput and Mughal architecture. It was the ruling family's royal residence before it was moved to Jaipur. The marvelous construction is an epitome of the bygone grandeur of Rajputana.

Chittorgarh Fort

An icon of Rajputana chivalry and pride, The Chittorgarh Fort was the former Mewar Dynasty capital. The fort of the seventh century had a tumultuous past. The fort is associated with many legends of sacrifice, honor, and pride, a part of the culture of Rajputana. The indomitable hill fort is also known to have preserved its amazing defense and other incredible architectures.

Kumbhalgarh Fort

The Kumbhalgarh Fort is nestled near Udaipur in the Aravali Hills. The fort is known for recording the second longest continuous wall after China's Great Wall. Built by Rana Kumbha in the 15th century AD, the fort was part of the history and culture of Rajputana. The unique sample of military defense and architecture and the fact that the great warrior Maharana Pratap was born here makes it a significant site.

Ranthambore Fort

Located 481 meters above sea level on Thambhore Hill, Ranthambore Fort is one of Rajasthan's oldest forts dating back to the mid-10th century. The massive fort is now settled in Sawai Madhopur's hunting grounds. Recaptured by the wilderness and mostly ruined, the fort is now the abode of the forest animals, especially the Royal Bengal Tigers.

Gagron Fort

Gagron Fort, a unique example of a hill and water fort, is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. A testament to history and architecture, the fort was the center of one of Rajasthan's richest dynasties. Surrounded on three sides by river waters, the Jhalawar fort is a center of history, culture and spirituality. 



The amazing artworks and decorations of these forts captivate the tourists ' attention. The forts take the tourists back to the Rajputana rulers ' bygone era and give insight into their grandeur and lifestyle. The rugged exterior and breathtaking interior showcases the magnificent craftsmanship and glory of yesteryears.

Tag: Cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site

Built-In: 18th and 19th centuries

Year of Inscription: 2012

Reasons for Inscription: Criteria number (2) and (3). Rajasthan's hill forts are a wonderful example of the beautiful Rajputana architecture from the early medieval to late medieval times. The forts are also an excellent testimony to the valor, bravery and cultural traditions of the Rajputs.

The six forts of Rajasthan - Amber, Chittorgarh, Gangron, Jaisalmer, Kumbhalgarh and Ranthambore are UNESCO world heritage sites that fascinate the tourists with their amazing architecture and history of brave Rajput rulers.

Category : Secular structure, military / fortifications.