The Red Fort (Lal Quila) Delhi

Tag : Cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site

Built In : 1648

Year of Inscription: 2007

Reasons for inscription: range of criteria (2), (3), and (6). The Red Fort exhibits the Mughal Era's outstanding subject area brilliance. The Red Fort has been an associate degree emblem of dominance since the Emperor's rule. The transformations in Indian history as well as the rule of the country have been witnessed. The Red Fort was the spot wherever the Republic of India's independence was first celebrated.

The Red Fort, created by the Emperor of the Mughal ruler, is one of the most effective works of art given to the Republic of India by the Mughal Rulers. This glorious building is also called Lal Quila.

The Red Fort is found on Yamuna's western bank. It is encircled by a wall of about a pairof.4 kilometers in circumference; the elevation of the wall varies from eighteen meters on the bank of the stream and thirty-three meters to the corner of the town. In fact, the fort replicates the splendor of the Mughal epoch, both in terms of art and design.

The Free Republic of India's first prime minister, Jawahar Lal statesman, hoisted the Republic of India flag at Red Fort on August 15, 1947. The Republic of India's declaration as an associate degree freelance and a free nation was created with this. This gave a modification from a historic to a memorial within the meaning of this fort.

This fascinating monument boasts imposing halls of audience, a bazaar wherever the house used to look, marble fortresses once dotted with precious gems, baths, plazas, and a house of prayer. From the time it was erected, the building has undergone several modifications. The Red Fort contains several Mughal Era heritage elements. These elements occupy one-third of the entire space. In addition, their area unites a variety of country-era heritage constructions. Imitating the Mughal age's sumptuousness, their area unites fifteen entirely different impressive buildings among the fort. These structures include the Deewan-e-Khaas, Deewan-e-aam, City Gate, Chatta Chowk, Naqqar Khana, etc.


Shah Jahan, then Mughal emperor, decided to build the Red Fort as Shahjahanabad's citadel, his new capital in Delhi. The fort, which was completely built in 1648, remained the residence of the Mughal emperors until 1857. Post Aurangzeb's reign, the Mughal dynasty grew weaker in every aspect and that started taking a toll on the fort. When Farrukhsiyar, the ninth Mughal emperor, took over the reign of Jahandar Shah after assassinating him, the fort began to lose its luster, quite literally. During his reign, the fort's silver ceiling was replaced with copper to raise money.

This was probably the start of the plunder that would continue for years to come. In 1739, the Persian emperor Nadir Shah defeated the Mughals and took with him some of the valuables belonging to the fort, including the famous peacock throne, which had served as the Mughals royal throne. The weakened Mughals had no choice but to sign a treaty with the Marathas, who had promised to protect them and the fort. In 1760, when Durrani dynasty Ahmed Shah Durrani threatened to capture Delhi, the Marathas dug out Diwan-i-Khas ' silver ceiling to strengthen their army.

However, in Panipat's third battle, Ahmed Shah Durrani defeated the Marathas and took over the fort. In 1771, the Marathas reconquered the fort and stalled Shah Alam II as the 16th Mughal emperor. The Marathas occupied the fort in 1788 and ruled over Delhi for the next 20 years before they were defeated by the British during the Second Anglo-Maratha War in 1803.

The fort was now occupied by the British, who even built their own residence within the fort. Bahadur Shah II was arrested by the British during the Indian rebellion of 1857 and later exiled to Rangoon. The Mughal Empire came to an end with Bahadur Shah II and this opened a window of opportunity for the British to loot valuables from the fort. Almost all furniture was either destroyed or shipped to England.

Many buildings and landmarks within the fort were destroyed and they were replaced by stone barracks. Many priceless possessions such as the Koh-i-Noor diamond, Bahadur Shah's crown and Shah Jahan's wine cup were sent to the British government. After independence, the Indian Army occupied a large part of the fort before handing it over to India's Archeological Survey (ASA) for restoration purposes. 

How to Get There


New Delhi Airport (18 km) is the nearest airport from the Red Fort.


Delhi Railway Station (2 km) is the nearest railhead.

Delhi is well connected to all major Indian states such as Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, etc.


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