Wildlife Sanctuary or Mudumalai National Park is located on the northwest side of the Nilgiri Hills (Blue Mountains), in Nilgiri District, about one hundred and fifty kilometers northwest of Coimbatore Town in Kongu Nadu, Tamil Nadu. The sanctuary is divided into five levels–Masinagudi, Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi and Nellakota–by sharing its obstacles with the states of Karnataka and Kerala.
The Mudumalai Sanctuary is a crucial natural world habitat because of its strategic position as a Wildlife corridor among several other protected areas making an important part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Its north is being crusted with Bandipur National Park and Nagarhole National Park and at its west is the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary alongside the south corner is flourished with Mukurthi National Park and Silent Valley National Park. These parks, sanctuaries and the adjacent Reserve forests cover over 3,300 sq.Kms of wooded area assisting a population of 1800–2300 elephants.
The region is also being termed as Madumalai Tiger Reserve because of the presence of around 48 tigers inside the Nilgiri Reserve throughout which tigers are loose to roam. In April 2007, the Tamil Nadu nation government declared Mudumalai as a Tiger Reserve, beneath the section 38V of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, with a view to conserving the country's dwindling Tiger populations. Afterward, about 350 families dwelling within the core area had been evicted from the park bringing 1 million rupees ($20,800) as repayment. Those residing in the five km of buffer vicinity around the park have been in worry that they too could be evicted however as a be counted of pride no one had been dislodged from the buffer quarter. In reality, a few humans in this area had been stored worried in the challenge as trackers and courses to beautify their earnings via eco-tourism.
This included area is a really perfect domestic to several endangered and susceptible species nestling Indian elephant, Bengal Tiger, Gaur, and Indian Leopard. There is a high variety of animal life within the sanctuary with about 50 species of fishes, 21 species of amphibians, 34 species of reptiles, 227 species of birds and 55 species of mammals. Mammal range is higher within the dry deciduous and dry thorn forests than in the different habitats. Thirteen percent of all mammal species in India are present in Mudumalai flora and fauna sanctuary. There are at least 266 species of birds inside the sanctuary, including significantly endangered Indian White-rumped Vulture and lengthy-billed vulture.
Around eight % of the fowl species in India may be observed in Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary. Among the counts of 227 chook species in the vicinity, one hundred ten species are insectivores, sixty-two are carnivores, 23 species are piscivores, 12 species are omnivores and 20 species are granivores.
Mudumalai Reserve is accosted with three principal varieties of woodland within the sanctuary: tropical moist deciduous to be observed in the western Benne Block, in which rainfall is better than in the other blocks; the tropical dry deciduous wooded area in its center and southern tropical dry thorn forests in the east. Additionally, there are patches of tropical semi ever inexperienced forest inside the Southwest and Western a part of Mudumalai. There is an annual rainfall of more than 2,000 mm (79 in). Tree species in this habitat include Litsea mysorensis, Casseria ovoids, Cinnamomum malabathrum and Olea dioca. Climbers consisting of Sneeze Wort (Watakaka Volubilis), Gnetum ula and Entada scandens are also observed in those semi-evergreen forests.
Moist Bamboo brakes may be found among dry deciduous, wet deciduous and semi-evergreen forests and alongside the fringes of riparian forests and swamps. There are species of bamboo observed in Mudumalai, the giant clumping bamboos: Bambusa (arundinacea) and Dendrocalamus strictus. In such sorts of woodland, an inexperienced strip of riparian forest also can be seen along the shore of dry seasonal and perennial streams. This type of forest remains green in the course of the seasons. The plant species found right here consists of Mangifera indica, Terminalia arjuna, Pongamia glabra, Indian rosewood Dalbergia latifoli, Syzygium cumini, and the bamboo.
Attractions in Madumalai
Moyar River - Running through the dense forest, this river is an ideal place to mention animals when they come to drink water along its banks.
Moyar River Gorge - Also known as the Moyar Canyon, it is a dramatic 20 km long Moyar River gorge that plunges into the gorge below Theppakadu in a roaring waterfall. This fall is popularly known as the Moyar fall.
Elephant Feeding Camp - This is where you can interact with elephants and see how they are fed. Since these areas are managed exclusively as protected areas, the captive elephants in the sanctuary are no longer used for timber extraction. The elephants are mainly engaged in eco-tourism, patrolling for anti-poaching operations, controlling man-elephant conflict outside the sanctuary or other areas, and as an elephant conservation and training center that can be visited by the public.
Madumalai Museum - Located near the Elephant feeding camp, this museum is the perfect location for preserving some animals (who once lived in the Mudumalai Jungle).
Kallatty falls - located 30 km from Theppakadu, is a beautiful fall with a magnificent view for leisure treatments.
Pykara Lake - A clean and scenic lake aligned between the hills is located 40 km (25 mi) from Theppakadu. It's an inaccessible lake, free from pollution and crowds where tourists can enjoy boating. In 2008, an annual summer boat race was launched on this lake.
In addition to these attractions, there are many scenic spots in the sanctuary, such as the Watchtower of the Chief Minister, the Kargudi viewpoint, and the Ombetta Lake. There are multiple rides on the Sand Road, Circular Road, Manradiar Road, Jayadev Avenue and Bombax Road for more adventurous fun. Also worthwhile places to catch wildlife in the sanctuary are public roads such as Kakkanalli–Torapalli road, Teppakkadu–Masanagudi road and Moyar–Masanagudi road.
Excursions at Madumalai
Bandipur National Park: Bandipur National Park is known in its ranges for the majority of tiger species. The park also shelters some of the wildlife's rarest and most endangered species. Bandipur National Park is one of the protected areas within the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, an international biosphere reserve in the Western Ghats.
Wayanad Sanctuary: The Wayanad Sanctuary is the second largest wildlife sanctuary in Kerala. It has lush green forests and rich wildlife. It exhibits some of the rare and endangered flora and fauna species. The sanctuary comes under Protect Elephant and one can spot elephant herds roaming in the area.
Masinagudi: Masinagudi is best known for night safaris in open-top jeeps arranged in Masinagudi by the resorts management authority and expert guides for free access. The night safaris are conducted on the peripheral roads running through the adjacent forest and not into the park as freaking out in the buffer area at night could be dangerous and could cause disturbance to the animals of this region.
The Tamil Nadu Forest Department conducts the Elephant Safari and Van Safari for a safari excursion in Madumalai. Tourists need to leave the park headquarters at Theppakadu.
In Mudumalai National Park there are 03 provisions for Safari as follows:
1) Jungle Safari – 02 times a day for 2 hrs long
2) Road Safari – 02 times in a day for 2 hrs long
3) Elephant Safari – only at morning time for 40 minutes
Safari Timing – 06:00 AM to 08:00 AM and 04:00 PM to 6:00 PM.
Park opening time to Visit – Round the Year
Visit nearby waterfalls
Swimming in the natural pool
Gudalur is the nearest town to the sanctuary. Mudumalai is on the NH market, sixty-seven kilometers from Mysore, 39 kilometers from Ooty and three kilometers from Gudalur. The nearest railway station to reach Mudumalai is Udagamadalam station in the Nilgiri Mountain Railway carrier, which is nearly 64 km away. Taxi services are available from Udagamandalam to Mudumalai to reach the sanctuary without delay. The major wide gage railway station nearby is the junction of Coimbatore. This station is beautifully connected to all the country's predominant cities. At a gap of 35.5 km, Bangalore Airport is the closest airport.
Mudumalai is one of Tamil Nadu's favorite wildlife tourism hotspots. Rooms in Mudumalai resorts are normally completely reserved between June to September and October to December because the season is most conducive to recognizing the natural world. This natural worldwide park is Mudumalai's main tourist attraction and most of the hotels are located in close proximity to the park. Mudumalai is generally crowded during the peak season and rooms are booked in advance by tourists simply to be on the safer side. Moreover, for extra benefits, multiple luxurious suites and motels are to be had inside the area for the maximum sophisticated stay throughout the jungle excursion.