Mukurthi National Park | Tamil Nadu


Mukurthi National Park


Calling out all of the wildlife fanatics, Mukurthi National Park is positive to pleasure you with its exceptional assortment of rich vegetation and captivating fauna. Situated within the western corner of Nilgiris Plateau in the state of Tamil Nadu, Mukurthi National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and became formerly referred to as Nilgiri Tahr National Park.

Spread throughout the vicinity of seventy eight.46 sq. Km, this protected location changed into mounted with the prime motive of conservation of its keystone species, the Nilgiri Tahr. Moreover, it is one of the most sought-after wildlife parks in Tamil Nadu, and hence, is blessed with a rich plant life, in particular, include raspberries, rhododendron, and blackberries.

Along with that, being a prominent part of Western Ghat, the sanctuary is domestic to various species of birds, animals, insects, and reptiles. The maximum -famous among them are Barking Deer, Jungle Cat, Panther, Wild Dogs, Indian Elephant, Indian Leopard, Jackal, and more such charming wild creatures. In birds, there you’ll locate amazing parrots, vultures, eagles, and many migratory birds.


However, the talk of this sanctuary is the Nilgiri Tahr which is meant to be discovered only in the woodland place of the park. Considering that, Mukurthi National Park is a treasure trove for all folks who wish to have an indelible wildlife


It was declared in 1990 as a National Park. The total area of the park is approximately 78.46 Km2. In a high altitude area of high rainfall, near-freezing temperatures and high winds, the park is characterized by montane grasslands and shrublands interspersed with sholas.

The park belongs to the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, India's first International Biosphere Reserve. As part of the Western Ghats, it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1 July 2012. The park is sandwiched between Mudumalai National Park and the National Park of the Silent Valley.

A fascinating feature of Mukurthi National Park is its endemism and relationship to the Himalayan flora and fauna.

The Western Ghats, Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (6,000 + km2), including all Mukurthi National Park, is being selected as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee.

Natural vegetation is made up of vast stretches of grasslands interspersed with numerous isolated, compact, sharply defined and tiny woodland "Shoals."

The park's main attraction is Nilgiri thar. The area contains a viable Nilgiri Thar population. Besides Sambhar, the commonly found animals are barking deer, Nilgiri marten, otter, jungle cat, jackals, etc.

The bird species includes Laughing and whistling thrushes, woodcock, wild pigeon and black eagle etc. Mukurthi National Park is another major Nilgiris attraction. It is located on the Nilgiris Plateau's south-eastern corner.


History


The native hill tribe that includes the Toda harvested the firewood from shoals and their animal that also includes the Hill Buffalo harvested the firewood for centuries.

The indiscriminate felling of the shoals began with British establishing the settlements in Coonoor, Wellington and Ootacamund in the early 19th century. The contractors were issued authority from 1841 to bid the fell wood from the shoals that are specific to the' timber conservation' program.

Bangitappal at the southwestern end of the park at the confluence of two streams at the head of the Sispara Pass, used to be a stopping point on the old Sispara ghat road from Kozhikode to Ooty, built in 1832.

This pass provided a short land route in the 19th century for postal runners from Ooty to the West Coast and was used for cannabis, tobacco and later salt smuggling. Park staff and visiting researchers are now using a forest rest house and a trekkers shed built there in 1930.

From 1840 to 1856, plantings of many non-native species of trees were introduced in this place to meet the demand for fuel and wood.

In a' timber conservancy ' program, authorities issued contracts to bidders starting in 1841 to fell wood from specific sholas. In 1868, Hills Commissioner James Breeds wrote:"... unless conservation is taken in hand and organized under some efficient system under the control of an experienced officer, the destruction of the sholas is only a matter of time."

In 1882, Dietrich Brandis, the Inspector General of Forests, suggested that the current plantation area be increased from 1200 acres, i.e. 4.9 km2 to 5,000 acres, i.e. 20 km2 in order to create many forest blocks that would make way for the remaining shoals as repetitive forest resources. In 1886, all if the Mukurthi forest area was declared a reserve forest.

The area was declared a wildlife sanctuary on August 3, 1982, and in 1886 the entire area of Mukurthi National Park was declared a reserve forest. It was upgraded to a National Park in 1990.

Geography


Mukurthi National Park is located in Tamil Nadu state's Nilgiris district. The park is sandwiched between Mudumalai National Park and the National Park of the Silent Valley.

In a high altitude area of high rainfall, near-freezing temperatures and high winds, the park is characterized by montane grasslands and shrublands interspersed with sholas.

The park is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, the first International Biosphere Reserve in India. As part of the Western Ghats, it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1 July 2012.

The endemism and relationship with the Himalayan flora and fauna is a fascinating feature of the Mukurthi National Park.

Under the Pykara hydroelectricity scheme, the Mukurthi dam was built at the foot of this hill. The dam is located at a distance of 32 km from Ooty and the peak is reached by walking for a distance of 9 km.

Natural vegetation is made up of vast stretches of grasslands interspersed with numerous isolated, compact, sharply defined and tiny woodland "Shoals."

The parks peak of the southwest tip are on both sides of the north-eastern corner of Kerala's Silent Valley National Park.

Mukurthi National Park is a protected area of 78.46 km2 located in the south-eastern corner of the Nilgiris Plateau west of Ooty.

The average elevation is about 2400 mt above MSL. Kollaribetta is the highest point (2630 mt). Other major peaks are Mukkurthi (2556 metres) and Nilgiris (2477 metres).

The park generally slopes east and south receiving water from the rivers Billithadahalla, Pykara and Kundah, and the reservoirs of Upper Bhavani and Mukurthi that flow through the park. A number of perennial streams also originate in the park, most of which drain into the Bhavani Puzha.

Mukurthi National Park has an elongated crescent shape facing west from 11 ° 10′ to 11 ° 22′ N to 76 ° 26′′ to 76 ° 34′ E.



0 Comments