Anamalai Tiger Reserve | Tamil Nadu



Nourished through the opulent nature and adorned with compelling natural world, Indira Gandhi national sanctuary, locally known as Annamalai tiger reserve, is the best place to quench an awful lot of your evergreen curiosity to look tigers. The reserve placed in Annamalai hills of western ghats in udumalpet taluks and valparai of Coimbatore and Tirupur district and is presently sprawling over a rambling place of 958. Fifty-nine sq.Km except for the peripheral region of 521.28 sq.Km. Virtually an ecologist’s satisfaction, the Indira Gandhi national sanctuary in Tamil Nadu is an homestead to over 800 species of flora, some of which might be scientifically esteemed as Habenaria rariflora, combretum ovalifolium, Angiopteris evecta, gnetum ula, lycopodium cernuum, Osmunda regalis, and greater. 

Because the woodland is pretty opaque and dense, and consequently, you have the possibility to identify some of wild species that are the inhabitants of this captivating sanctuary. Elephant, panther, tiger, pangolin, spotted deer, mouse deer, sloth endure, Nilgiri tahr, barking deer, sambar, gaur, tabby cat, wild boar, dhole, and civet cat are a number of the animals at Indira Gandhi country wide sanctuary that you may assume to peer. In conjunction with that, the park houses an amazing collection of birds that are equally compelling. Paradise flycatcher, black headed oriole, racket tailed drongo, whistling thrush, and emerald dove are only a few names within the lengthy list of round 250 species of birds at Indira Gandhi countrywide sanctuary that makes it one of the must-go-to flora and fauna parks in south India

History – Tiger Reserve of Anamalai


Today's Tiger Reserve area has been many other things back in time. By the mid-18th century large tracts of forests had been cleared over the Valparai plateau region. The forests replaced the tea and coffee plantations. Labor was taken from remote parts of Tamil Nadu to work on these plantations.

Two-thirds of the plantations were controlled by the Europeans and the rest by traders from remote coastal towns by 1866. The tea and coffee produced has been exported to Britain and all over Europe.

Beverage is not the only product the world has enjoyed from this area. Large areas around, what is now known as the Top Slip were reserved for timber businesses. The forest here has been extensively exploited for teak. Since the region was under Bombay Presidency control, all the timber was delivered to Bombay Dockyard.



The teak trade has made an immense contribution to the present form of the area. One may wonder how a deforestation-based business can be good for forest conservation! In 1855, the newly established Tamil Nadu Forest Department brought this region under its program of' sustainable forest management for teak plantations.' Through this program, the forest base has been preserved for a longer existence.

In 1974, this preserved area was notified as the Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary. Three areas with unique habitats were notified to form a National Park within the sanctuary in 1989. Karian Shola, Grass Hills, and Manjampatti Valley were the areas. When combined, the land stretch measures 108 square kilometers, which is the core area of the 958 square kilometers Wildlife Sanctuary. The sanctuary was declared a Tiger Reserve Project in 2007.


BEST TIME TO VISIT

The months of mid-wintry weather and early summer season, i.E., from December to April, are taken into consideration as the nice time to go to Indira Gandhi national sanctuary.

WHERE TO STAY?

For visitors, there's a large traveler complex inside the park at pinnacle slip. At the side of that, there also are various wooded area guest houses to be had as an alternative option placed at Amaravati, sethumadai, and varagaliar. While Pollachi (67 km) and Coimbatore (110 km) additionally serves as accommodation options near Annamalai sanctuary.

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