Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus | Mumbai

Tag: Cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site

Built-In: 1887

Year of Inscription: 2004

Reasons for inscription: number of criteria (2) and (four). Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus presents a vital alternative of impacts from Italy's Gothic Revival architecture and conventional Indian buildings. It is an amazing example of the nineteenth-century railway structure within the British Commonwealth.

Once called ' Victoria Terminus, ' the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a historical sight considered to be a landmark in the station structure around the globe. This terminus, designed by FW Stevens, is a pleasant mixture of western and eastern structure.

Category : Human activity, Transport and Trade

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is a popular railway station and a spitting picture of Victorian-Gothic architecture in India. The CST is also a' World Heritage Site' declared by UNESCO in 2004, located in the heart of Mumbai. Built in 1888, the station is a great reminder of British Raj's pre-independence and remains one of the most historic landmarks in Mumbai's Central Business District (CBD).

A busy terminus, the CST is well connected with all parts of the country by rail. It stands as the final result of great technology of industrial revolution merged with styles of Victorian / Gothic revival based on Latin-Italian model architecture. The structure represents the core of the city's mercantile facet and also symbolizes the British Commonwealth. Besides being Victorian-Gothic in architecture, parts of this grand building also contain remnants of Mughal-styled architecture.

An outstanding example of designs from the late 19th century, the CST has been associated with the city of Mumbai since time immemorial. The city was flourishing, businesses were booming and a thriving film industry was growing, with the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus being the core witness to it all. Scroll down to find out more about this treasured structure.


The building's main architecture reflects late 19th century Victorian Gothic styles and designs. The building's style and ornamentation were acceptable to both Indian and European culture. Complete with towers, pointed arches and an excentric ground plan, the CST was a novel achievement during that period. To date, most architectural designs have been retained by the building, with probably an addition of two or more headquarters. The CST was built in accordance with a C-shaped plan, symmetrical on both the east and west axis.The CST building, crowned by a high dome, which is the focal point of the structure, is adjoined by well-proportioned rows of arched structures, rows and windows closely resembling Indian palace architectures.

The entrance of the Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus is flanked by lion and tiger figures representing the two countries-Great Britain and India. The main structure is made of sandstone and calcareous, and the station's interiors are lined with high-quality Italian marble. The CST also houses the main headquarters, the Star Chamber, grotesques and the North Wing, apart from the 18 railway lines.

Brief Information

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus became the setting for Queen Victoria's Jubilee Day. She also changed to India's then Empress. The uniqueness of this terminus lies in its Gothic cathedral style, structural synchronization and defining method. It exemplifies a completely happy mixture of Gothic, Sarcenic, Venetian, and Indo-Islamic traditions. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus ' first-rate is that it attracts even non-tourists. It took about ten years to complete the building. The creation began in the year 1878.

It became deliberate according to the layout of the High Victorian Gothic, which became an Italian version of the past due to medieval period. Its relatively pointed arches, stone dome, unconventional floor plans and towers are much like the traditional architecture of Indian palaces. Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus is an incredible illustration of the merging of two cultures. British architects worked with Indian artisans to build an exclusive architectural fashion unique to Mumbai (Bombay).

How to Get There

Mumbai Airport (19 kms) is the nearest airport.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is well connected to major Indian railway stations such as Delhi, Vadodara and Ahmadabad.

Auto rickshaws, buses, etc. are available from every corner of Mumbai.


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